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Haitian Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

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Toussaint Loverture, Pierre Dominigue, 1764-1803. Ms. L.S. to Gen. Laveaux;  Petite Rivière

Vincent, Charles de. Ms. L. (copy) to Toussaint Louverture arguing against Haitian independence and promulgation of constitution; Alexandria, Va., 7 aout 1801.

Vincent, Charles de. Ms. L. (copy) to Toussaint Loverture describing prejudice against blacks in United States and chiding him for allowing others to delude him into issuing constitution and breaking with France; Phildelphia, 17 aout 1801

France. Armée. Direction de St. Domingue, Division du nord. Rapport d'une reconnaissance faite depuis le village de la Vega jusqu'a baye de Samanah par les citoyens Barre & Lacroix, ingénieurs de l'estat; Samana, 19 juin 1801

France. Commission à Santo Domingo. Premier rapport des naturalistes employés par la commission du gouvernement francais à St. Domingo en mission dans la partie espagnole de Saint Dominque; San Juan de Maguana, 9 janvier 1799. Prepared by Augard, botanist and Advonier, mineralogist.

France. Armée. Armée de St. Domingue. Génie militaire. Suite de la correspondance de service. Direction de Moulut; Port Républicain [i.e. Port-au-Prince] 24 novembre 1802-12 avril 1803. Ms.D.

Tempete, Louis. Testament giving all his property to his former master Louis Barbaut of Paris; Léogane, 12 decembre 1742. Ms.D. (copy)

France. Armée. direction de St. Domingue. Reconnoissance de la coste depuis le Port-au-Prince jusqu'a L'Anse à Veau; Port-au-Prince, 9 avril 1789. Ms.D.S. (de Vilaire) On condition of coastal fortifications.

Meriam. Francis J. Notes on Haitian history and bibliography; Port-au-Prince, etc. [18-?] Ms.DD.

Meriam, Francis J. Notes on bibliography of Haitian constitution; [Port-au-Prince? 18--?] Ms.D.

Box 66

Box 67

Box 68

Box 69

Box 70

Box 71

Box 72

Item Oversized


Haitian Collection, 1714-1916 | Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

By Rare Books and Manuscripts Department staff, November 2011

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Collection Overview

Title: Haitian Collection, 1714-1916Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates: 1783-1839

Collection Identifier: MS Haiti

Extent: 2000.0 Items

Subjects: Dessalines, Jean-Jacques, 1758-1806., France — Colonies, Haiti -- History -- Revolution, 1791-1804., Haiti — Civilization, Haiti — Politics and Government — To 1791, Haiti — Relations — United States, Haiti — Social Conditions, Slavery — Haiti — History, Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803

Languages: French, English

Abstract

This collection dates from 1714 to 1916 (with gaps) and documents French colonial rule of Saint Domingue, the slave insurrection, the beginning of Haitian self-rule, and the development of the Republic of Haiti.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection dates from 1714 to 1916 (with gaps) and documents French colonial rule of Saint Domingue, the slave insurrection, the beginning of Haitian self-rule, and the development of the Republic. Important figures include Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Toussaint Louverture, Henry (Henri) Christophe, Alexandre Pétion, Jean Pierre Boyer, Donatien-Marie-Joseph de Vimeur, and Julien Raimond. Among the most common topics covered are slavery and the slave trade, commercial activities, and colonial life. In addition, there are several letters that contain events that occurred during the American Revolution. Included are correspondence, financial records, and legal documents.

Collection Historical Note

From 1660 to 1804, Haiti, then known as Saint Domingue, was a French colony located on the island of Hispaniola where African slaves were used to work on the plantations that produced tobacco, indigo, cotton, and cacao. Inspired by the French Revolution, Toussaint Loverture, a freed slave, led an insurrection in 1791 that put an end to slavery in Saint Domingue. In order to maintain French control, in 1801 Napoleon Bonaparte sent an invasion force, but all attempts failed. On January 1, 1804, Jean Jacques Dessalines, leader of the rebels, declared independence from France. In 1806, after the assassination of Dessalines, the country was divided in two: a kingdom in the north led by Henri Christophe and a republic in the south ruled by Alexandre Pétion. In 1821, Jean Pierre Boyer reunified Haiti and in 1825, negotiated an agreement with France which stipulated that France would recognize Haiti as an independent nation in return for 150 million francs (later reduced to 90 million francs). A revolt led by Charles Rivière-Hérard overthrew Boyer in 1843 and a long period political and economic instability ensued that ended with the occupation of Haiti by the United States in 1915.

Subject/Index Terms

Dessalines, Jean-Jacques, 1758-1806.
France — Colonies
Haiti -- History -- Revolution, 1791-1804.
Haiti — Civilization
Haiti — Politics and Government — To 1791
Haiti — Relations — United States
Haiti — Social Conditions
Slavery — Haiti — History
Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803

Administrative Information

Repository: Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Items in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. The Boston Public Library does not hold copyright on the material in this collection. Researchers are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright.

When reproducing material from this collection please include the credit line "Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/ Rare Books."

Acquisition Method: The collection was purchased with various funds.

Related Materials:

Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813.    MS 3127

Rochambeau, Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813.    MS 3128

For books and pamphlets on Haiti, please consult the Hunt Hispanola History Collection finding aid located in the Rare Books and Manuscripts Department.

Preferred Citation: Haitian Collection. MS Haiti. Rare Books and Manuscripts Department, Boston Public Library. Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books.

Processing Information: Finding aid written by Rare Books and Manuscripts staff.

Finding Aid Revision History: Updated by Tara Maharjan, November 2011.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Item:

[Item MS Haiti 1: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Hat2-1: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Hai2-2: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 3: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 4: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 5: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 6: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Hait 7: Toussaint Loverture, Pierre Dominigue, 1764-1803. Ms. L.S. to Gen. Laveaux;  Petite Rivière, 17 September 1795],
[Item MSHait 8-1: Vincent, Charles de. Ms. L. (copy) to Toussaint Louverture arguing against Haitian independence and promulgation of constitution; Alexandria, Va., 7 aout 1801., 7 August 1801],
[Item MS Hait8-2: Vincent, Charles de. Ms. L. (copy) to Toussaint Loverture describing prejudice against blacks in United States and chiding him for allowing others to delude him into issuing constitution and breaking with France; Phildelphia, 17 aout 1801, 17 August 1801],
[Item MS Hait 9: France. Armée. Direction de St. Domingue, Division du nord. Rapport d'une reconnaissance faite depuis le village de la Vega jusqu'a baye de Samanah par les citoyens Barre & Lacroix, ingénieurs de l'estat; Samana, 19 juin 1801, 19 June 1801],
[Item MS Hait 10: France. Commission à Santo Domingo. Premier rapport des naturalistes employés par la commission du gouvernement francais à St. Domingo en mission dans la partie espagnole de Saint Dominque; San Juan de Maguana, 9 janvier 1799. Prepared by Augard, botanist and Advonier, mineralogist., 9 January 1799],
[Item MS Hait 11: France. Armée. Armée de St. Domingue. Génie militaire. Suite de la correspondance de service. Direction de Moulut; Port Républicain [i.e. Port-au-Prince] 24 novembre 1802-12 avril 1803. Ms.D., 24 November 1802-12 April 1803],
[Item MS Hait 12: Tempete, Louis. Testament giving all his property to his former master Louis Barbaut of Paris; Léogane, 12 decembre 1742. Ms.D. (copy), 12 December 1742],
[Item MS Hait 13: France. Armée. direction de St. Domingue. Reconnoissance de la coste depuis le Port-au-Prince jusqu'a L'Anse à Veau; Port-au-Prince, 9 avril 1789. Ms.D.S. (de Vilaire) On condition of coastal fortifications., 9 april 1789],
[Item Hait 14: Meriam. Francis J. Notes on Haitian history and bibliography; Port-au-Prince, etc. [18-?] Ms.DD.],
[Item MS Hait 15: Meriam, Francis J. Notes on bibliography of Haitian constitution; [Port-au-Prince? 18--?] Ms.D.],
[Box 66],
[Box 67],
[Box 68],
[Box 69],
[Box 70],
[Box 71],
[Box 72],
[Item Oversized],
[All]

Box 69Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Cassaroux, J, 28 January 1787, 12 February 1787Add to your cart.

Ms.L.S. to Courtois et Le Ray, Nantes, describing commercial conditions; Cap Français, 12 février 1787.

With this is printed form filled out in ms.:  Prix courants au Cap; 12 fev. 1787; and printed list of cargo from India unloaded from the ship Nancy at l'Orient, 28 janvier 1787.

Folder 2: Sainte Guieu, Jean, 18 December 1781Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to Madame Roux discussing inability to come home at present, listing his possessions as money, a horse and 2 slaves; Jacmel, 18 décembre 1781.
Folder 3: Allenet de l'Ile,, 22 August 1765Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to an agronomist outlining plan for agricultural experiment in Saint Dominque and urging action on it; l'Ile, near Saint Jean d'Angely, 22 août 1765.
Folder 4: Louis XVI, King of France, 1754-1793., 14 November 1788Add to your cart.

Ms.D.S. (by secretary giving Charles de Medine command of frigate Minerva and sending it to Saint Dominque; Versailles, 14 novembre 1778.

Countersigned by Antoine de Sartine.

Folder 5: Barquier, Joseph David, comte de, 1757-1844., 11 April 1809Add to your cart.

Ms.D. (copy) promoting Grabriau to sous-lieutenant; Santo Domingo, 11 avril 1809.

Copy certified and signed by Gen. Boivin.

Folder 6: Santo Domingo (French colony). Députation. A.L.S. to the Minister of war; Paris, 11 August 1796Add to your cart.
Requesting that Etienne Polverel be returned to St. Dominque. 1 s. (1 p.)
Folder 7: See Item OversizedAdd to your cart.
Folder 8Add to your cart.
Item 1: Gauthier, Jubé, 4 January 1785Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to Jubé de Roissy scolding him for falling into sin; Paris, 4 janvier 1785.
Item 2: Jubé de Roissy, 11  January 1785Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to his father relating news, itemizing expenses of trip; Nanes, 11 janvier 1785.
Item 3: Le Masne de Chermont, 15 January 1785Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to his brother describing correspondence with Jubé de Roissy about his son's dissipation; Nantes, 15 janvier 1785.
Item 4: Sorbét, C          L, 6 April 1785Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to Jubé de Roissy referring questions about trip to St. Dominque to M. de Sillac; Paris, 6 avril 1785
Item 5: Sillac,          de, 6 April 1785Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to C.L. Sorbét suggesting that Jubé de Roissy's son depart for St. Dominque in Oct.; Paris, 6 avril 1785.
Item 6: Jubé de Roissy, 20 July [1785?]Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to his father describing voyage to Santo Domingo; 20 juillet [1785?]
Item 7: Jubé de RoissyAdd to your cart.
Ms.NN. about his trip to St. Dominque; [n.p., 1785?]
Item 8: Jubé de RoissyAdd to your cart.
Ms.NN. about his trip to St. Dominque; [n.p., 1785?]
Folder 9: Froidevaux,, 3 May 1803Add to your cart.
Ms.L.S. to General Pierre Quantin on impossibility of carrying out previously agreed on plan; Monte-Christi, 3 mai 1803.
Folder 10: France.  Armée de Saint Dominque., 31 May, 1805, 12 August 1805Add to your cart.

Ms.D.S. (?) permitting M. Hennel to return to France on urgent business; Santo Domingo, 31 mai 1805.

Ms.N.S. by Gurimond of French consul, Philadelphia, 12 août 1805.

Folder 11: Boyer, Pierre François Joseph, baron, 1772-1851., 13 June 1803Add to your cart.

Ms.D.S. permitting Mesdames Beaudouin and Gerée Lamotte to leave for Cuba; Port-au-Prince, 13 juin 1803.

Countersigned by J. Lavalette.

Folder 12: Boyer, Pierre François Joseph, baron, 1772-1851., 22 November 1802Add to your cart.
A.D.S. promoting Citoyen Henry to lieutenant; Cap Français, 22 novembre 1802.
Folder 13: Turnbull, Forbes & Co., London., 28 April 1794Add to your cart.

Ms.L.S. to comte de Villeblanche on trading with the French West Indies; London, 28 avril 1794.

On same sheet in Ms.N.S. from Villeblanche replying to above.

Folder 14: Cocu,             de, 3 April 1799Add to your cart.

Ms.D.S.;  Request for retirement from army giving service record from 1750; Port de Paix, 3 avril 1799.

Countersigned by Clervaux and others.

Folder 15: France.  Armée de St. Dominque.  leme division militaire., 4 February 1803Add to your cart.
Ms.D.S. (Cotentin and others):  Certificate of service for Yves Sejeune; Cap Français, 4 février 1803.
Folder 16: Haiti.  Consulat, Philadelphia., 16 June 1886Add to your cart.
A.L.S. (A.H. C[?]) to U.S. Custom house, Philadelphia 16 June 1886.
Folder 17: Moncabrié de Peyter, Joseph Saturnin, comte, 1741-1819, 27 octobre 1790Add to your cart.

Ms.L. (copy) to Assemblée provinciale de Nord sending greetings; Abroad frigate Vestale, 27 octobre 1790.

One same sheet is Ms.L. (copy) from Assemblée provinciale du Nord to Moncabrié sending thanks and farewell greetings; [Cap Français] 27 octobre 1790.

Folder 18: Jauvin, Jean Louis, 27 February 1789Add to your cart.
A.N.S. to J.S. Moncabrié de Peytes; Cap Français, 27 février 1789.
Folder 19: see OS boxAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Rapelius, 10 July 1790Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to [?] relating local events; Môle St. Nicolas, 10 juillet 1790.
Folder 21: Viteo, 20 September 1772Add to your cart.
Ms.L.S. (retained copy?) to Comte d'Estaing on disposition of the estate of M. Desbrune; Port-au-Paix, 20 septembre 1772
Folder 22: Vestale (fridate)Add to your cart.
Ms.D. (incomplete draft?):  Testimony of M. de Moncabrie's crew on Jean Castelbon's accusation of 22 Aug. 1790 that M. Gay the pilot stole equipment from the ship Leopard; [Cap Français, 1790]
Folder 23: Haiti--Earthquakes., 10 June [179-?]Add to your cart.
Ms.L. (unsigned) about an earthquake; Port-au-Prince; 10 juin [179-?]
Folder 24: Valé, 18 November [1802]Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to General [?] about his parole; [n.p.] 18 novembre  [1802]
Folder 25: B, [1802]Add to your cart.
A.L.S. (initial) to General [?] discussing various military actions; [n.p., 1802?]
Folder 26: Toussaint Louverture, Pierre Dominique, 1743-1803, 7 March 1801Add to your cart.
Ms.L.S. to Gen. Vincent expressing delight that he is pleased with proclamation of 5 fev.; [Cap Français?] 7 mars 1801.
Folder 27: Toussaint Louverture, Pierre Dominique, 1743-1803, 19 March 1800Add to your cart.
Ms.L.S. to Mr. Ritchie, U.S. Consul, accepting trade proposal; Port-au-Prince, 19 mars 1800.
Folder 28: Gonzales y compañía, butchers, Santo Domingo, 21 January [1801?]Add to your cart.

Ms.L.S. (Manuel Gonzales) to Toussaint Louverture requesting aid in collecting payment for mean furnished to hospital; Santo Domingo, 21 janvier [1801?]

Ms.N.S. by Toussaint Louverture on verso.

Folder 29: see OS boxAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: Bezandin, Jean Baptiste, 30 October 1774Add to your cart.
Ms.D.S.:  itemized account directed to Roux frères, Marseille, of expenses, etc., incurred by brigantine, Sirène, Capt. jean Baptiste Lepelley, forced by damage to land and sell cargo at Cap Français during trip from Guadeloupe to France; Marseille, 30 octobre 1774.
Folder 31: Boyer, Jean Pierre, 1776-1850Add to your cart.
Ms.L.S. to the chancelier stating that ill health prevents his attending Court of Pears; [Paris, 1845?]
Folder 32: Boyer, Pierre François Joseph, baron, 1772-1851., 19 February 1802Add to your cart.
Ms.L.S. to Tobias Lear, U.S. Consul, on Leclerc's embargo order and on ship Polly, Capt. Hart; Cap Français, 19 février. 1802.
Folder 33: Rochambeau, Donatien marie Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de, 1750-1813., 15 October 1802Add to your cart.
A.L.S. to Gen. Leclerc on military operations facilitated by arrival of Polish division; Port-au-Prince, 15 octobre 1802.

Browse by Item:

[Item MS Haiti 1: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Hat2-1: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Hai2-2: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 3: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 4: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 5: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Haiti 6: see Item Oversized],
[Item MS Hait 7: Toussaint Loverture, Pierre Dominigue, 1764-1803. Ms. L.S. to Gen. Laveaux;  Petite Rivière, 17 September 1795],
[Item MSHait 8-1: Vincent, Charles de. Ms. L. (copy) to Toussaint Louverture arguing against Haitian independence and promulgation of constitution; Alexandria, Va., 7 aout 1801., 7 August 1801],
[Item MS Hait8-2: Vincent, Charles de. Ms. L. (copy) to Toussaint Loverture describing prejudice against blacks in United States and chiding him for allowing others to delude him into issuing constitution and breaking with France; Phildelphia, 17 aout 1801, 17 August 1801],
[Item MS Hait 9: France. Armée. Direction de St. Domingue, Division du nord. Rapport d'une reconnaissance faite depuis le village de la Vega jusqu'a baye de Samanah par les citoyens Barre & Lacroix, ingénieurs de l'estat; Samana, 19 juin 1801, 19 June 1801],
[Item MS Hait 10: France. Commission à Santo Domingo. Premier rapport des naturalistes employés par la commission du gouvernement francais à St. Domingo en mission dans la partie espagnole de Saint Dominque; San Juan de Maguana, 9 janvier 1799. Prepared by Augard, botanist and Advonier, mineralogist., 9 January 1799],
[Item MS Hait 11: France. Armée. Armée de St. Domingue. Génie militaire. Suite de la correspondance de service. Direction de Moulut; Port Républicain [i.e. Port-au-Prince] 24 novembre 1802-12 avril 1803. Ms.D., 24 November 1802-12 April 1803],
[Item MS Hait 12: Tempete, Louis. Testament giving all his property to his former master Louis Barbaut of Paris; Léogane, 12 decembre 1742. Ms.D. (copy), 12 December 1742],
[Item MS Hait 13: France. Armée. direction de St. Domingue. Reconnoissance de la coste depuis le Port-au-Prince jusqu'a L'Anse à Veau; Port-au-Prince, 9 avril 1789. Ms.D.S. (de Vilaire) On condition of coastal fortifications., 9 april 1789],
[Item Hait 14: Meriam. Francis J. Notes on Haitian history and bibliography; Port-au-Prince, etc. [18-?] Ms.DD.],
[Item MS Hait 15: Meriam, Francis J. Notes on bibliography of Haitian constitution; [Port-au-Prince? 18--?] Ms.D.],
[Box 66],
[Box 67],
[Box 68],
[Box 69],
[Box 70],
[Box 71],
[Box 72],
[Item Oversized],
[All]


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