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Ziba B. Oakes Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

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Ziba B. Oakes Papers, 1852-1857 | Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

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Collection Overview

Title: Ziba B. Oakes Papers, 1852-1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Collection Identifier: MS Am. 322

Primary Creator: Oakes, Ziba B., 1806-1871

Extent: 652.0 Items

Arrangement: Original order of the correspondence has been maintained.

Subjects: McElveen, A. J., d. 1874 -- Correspondence., Oakes, Ziba B., 1806-1871 -- Correspondence., Slave trade -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- History -- 19th Century., Slave traders -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- Correspondence.

Languages: English

Abstract

The 652 letters in this collection document the business of Ziba B. Oakes, a slave broker, who lived in Charleston, South Carolina. The letters were written by business associates and cover all aspects of the slave trade business including pricing, selling instructions, and resolving problems with runaways. Oakes’s real estate business and other financial matters are also documented.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The 652 letters in this collection document the business dealings of Ziba B. Oakes, a slave broker, who lived in Charleston, South Carolina. The letters were written by several business associates and cover all aspects of the slave trade such as pricing, selling instructions, and resolving problems with runaways. Oakes’s real estate business and other financial matters are also documented. There is no correspondence from Oakes.

The majority of the letters in the collection are from brokers, agents, and clients from different parts of South Carolina and other southern states with whom Ziba Oakes did business. For example, there are fifty-eight letters written to Oakes by William Wright from Savannah, Georgia; thirteen letters by Burch Kirkland and Company, from Montgomery, Alabama; and twenty-three letters by Thomas Limehouse, from Goulding, South Carolina. In addition, there are letters from traders from Richmond, Virginia and New Orleans, Louisiana. These contain specific details about slaves bought and sold, and give market prices for each city.

Of the approximately 480 letters written by slave traders, 135 were written by A. J. McElveen, whose job it was to travel throughout South Carolina’s Sumpter District and purchase slaves for Oakes. The letters include details about the number of slaves that were purchased on each trip, their gender and physical descriptions, and where on the plantation they should work. Other matters include the problems he had with selling certain slaves and his dealings with other traders. McElveen’s letters also provide insight into the relationship he had with Oakes.

Additional letters document Oakes’s real estate and other business ventures such as the buying and selling of plantations and railroad stock.

Subject/Index Terms

McElveen, A. J., d. 1874 -- Correspondence.
Oakes, Ziba B., 1806-1871 -- Correspondence.
Slave trade -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- History -- 19th Century.
Slave traders -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- Correspondence.

Administrative Information

Repository: Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Items in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. The Boston Public Library does not hold copyright on the material in this collection. Researchers are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright.

When reproducing material from this collection please include the credit line "Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/ Rare Books."

Acquisition Method: The Ziba Oakes papers were found in a slave pen in Charleston, South Carolina, on February 20, 1865 by James Redpath. In April 1865, Redpath presented them to William Lloyd Garrison. The collection was donated to the Boston Public Library on November 11, 1891 by Francis Jackson Garrison.

Related Materials: Slave Trade Letters, 1839. MS fAM 1034

Related Publications: Drago, Edmund L. ed. Broke by the War: Letters of a Slave Trader. University of South Carolina Press. 1991.

Preferred Citation: Ziba B. Oakes Papers. MS Am. 322. Rare Books and Manuscripts Department, Boston Public Library. Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books.

Processing Information: Finding aid written by Rare Books and Manuscripts staff.

Finding Aid Revision History: Updated by Kimberly Reynolds, April 2011.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 27],
[Box 28],
[Box 29],
[Box 30],
[Box 31],
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[Box 35],
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[All]

Box 30Add to your cart.
Folder 181: Dawson, William C. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 31 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Acknowledges check for $900; trade dull. 1 p.
Folder 182: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Darlington Court House, S.C., 29 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends 2 newly bought Negroes Bill and Ann to Charleston; Emily out on trial; chance for exchange of boy. 1 p.
Folder 183: Caldwell, J.M. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Grafton, [S.C.?], 27 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Houses in Corning Street for sale. 1 p.
Folder 184: Wylly & Montmollin. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 26 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Shipment of Hester and child. 1 p.
Folder 185: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Darlington, S.C., 25 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Purchase of likely boy for $850; will take girl at $900. 2 p.
Folder 186: Dawson, William C. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 22 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about Rose, William Wright's woman, and titles in sale of January.  On behalf of Wm Wright. 1 p.
Folder 187: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 20 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Has bought 2 Negroes; trying to sell Dass and Emily. 2 p.
Folder 188: Fairchild, Rufus. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Peekskill, N.Y., 16 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Instructions for sale of girl Silvey; asks about G. F. Kinsey. 1p.
Folder 189: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 18 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Intends buying 2 Negroes to be sent to charleston at once; goes to Darlington for 10 days. 2 p.
Folder 190: Richardson, J.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 17 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Will not take less than $1000 for Philip. 2 p.
Folder 191: Hatch, Lewis M. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Charleston, S.C., 15 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sale of Sandy. 1 p.
Folder 192: Hogarth, W.F. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Duck Branch, [S.C.?], 14 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about buying several Negroes at Charleston. 1 p.
Folder 193: Chazal, Dr. J. B. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Charleston, S.C., 15 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On examination, Negro woman and child owned by Eliza McNellage were sound; confirmed by re-examination. 2 p.
Folder 194: Bailey, W.E. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Waynesville, Ga., 8 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
House purchased from Jabez Norton. 2 p.
Folder 195: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 10 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Offer of woman at $750, man for $900. 2 p.
Folder 196: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 9 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Bought Edward for $950; should sell for $1250. 2 p.
Folder 197: Robuck, Samuel G. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hamilton So., Fla., [n.d.]Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Unable to collect money for Oakes. 1 p.
Folder 198: Wylly & Montmollin. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 8 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Describes woman Serena, sent for sale. 1 p.
Folder 199: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 7 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Recent profits poor; search for runaway; Emily not sold; her possible excahange. 2 p.
Folder 200: Arthur, W.F. A.N.S. to [Ziba B. Oakes]; Columbia, Tenn., 3 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends desired assignment. 1 p.
Folder 201: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 4 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Descibes Negreoes purchased; railroad broken down, but will ship when possible. 2 p.
Folder 202: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 4 August 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks value of Negro described.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1 p.
Folder 203: Adams, Robert S. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Richmond, Va., 29 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Directions for sending Negroes to Wilmington. 1 p.
Folder 204: Ring, G.E. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Charleston, S.C., 29 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On gathering of peaches at Oakes's farm; storm at Charleston damaged railroad. 2 p.
Folder 205: Richardson, John J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 28 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about Philip's health and prosects of sale. 1 p.
Folder 206: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 29 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Recent purchases of Negroes; Richardson anxious to sell one; Emily not sold. 2 p.
Folder 207: Nicholson, W.M. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Chester Court House, S.C. [?], 27 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Negroes Charlotte and Roxana at Checter awaiting orders. 1 p.
Folder 208: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 27 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Offers $25 for capture of Peter. In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1 p.
Folder 209: Ring, G.E. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Aiken, S.C., 26 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Trouble with Riggs over farm and disposal of stock and furniture. 2 p.
Folder 210: Barnes, William. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Atlanta, Ga., 25 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about insurance. 1 p.
Folder 211: Otey, Thomas. A.L.S. to [Ziba B. Oakes?]; Richmond, Va., 23 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
High prices for Negroes at Richmond; anxious to furnish some. 1 p.
Folder 212: Adams, Robert S. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Stantonsburg, N.C., 22 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks number of Negrows bought and when they will reach Wilmington. 1 p.
Folder 213: Bailey, W. E. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Waynesville, Ga., 21 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On papers for sale of house. 2 p.
Folder 214: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 15 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks original homes of runaway negroes january and Peter.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1 p.
Folder 215: McElveen, A.J. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 13 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends newly bought Negro to Charleston. 1 p.
Folder 216: McElveen, A.J. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 10 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Purchase of Negro boy at $775; refused to pay $700 for girl. 1 p.
Folder 217: Bailey, W.E.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Waynesville, Ga., 6 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Referred possible purchasers of house to Oakes. 3 p.
Folder 218: Wylly & Montmollin. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 7 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Acknowledges draft for sale of Joe. 1 p. On folder with printed advertisement for firm.
Folder 219: [Limehouse, Thomas.] A.L. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, Ga., 9 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Due to child's illness can not go to Charleston; wants to sell Negro Sam. 1 p.
Folder 220: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 7 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Acknowledges insurance policy.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1 p.
Folder 221: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 3 July 1853Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Inquiries about protested draft. 1 p.
Folder 222: Johnston, Nathan. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Beech Branch, Tenn., [n.d.]Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks for descriptions of two Negroes advertised. 1 p.
Folder 223: Wylly & Montmollin. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 8 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On examination, boy John would bring little more than $600. 1 p.
Folder 224: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 8 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Has bought no Negroes. 1 p.
Folder 225: Benbow, H.L. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Clarendon, Wright's Bluff P.O., S.C., 4 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about $30 charge for sale of Negro Jacob. 1 p.
Folder 226: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Camden, S.C., 5 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
No purchases due to high  prices; cites some. 1 p.
Folder 227: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 16 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On Cyrus, sold to Wright; is sending handy by boat.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1 p.
Folder 228: Brown, S.N. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 2 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Interested in buying girl owned by Mordecaui; trade dull. 2 p.
Folder 229: Wylly & Montmollin. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 17 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Send check for balance due for 3 men. 1 p.
Folder 230: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 2 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Questions purchase of mulatto girl at $900. 2 p.
Folder 231: Farnboro, Allen G. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Barnesville, Ga., 29 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Offers $1350 for boy Pinckney and yellow boy Jack belonging to J.S. Riggs. 1 p.
Folder 232: Whaley, William T., Jr. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; John's Island, S.C. [?], 2 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Believes man Oakes cites is Caleb not Philip. 1 p.
Folder 233: Barber, F.C. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Augusta, Ga., 12 March 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Offers land for sale. 1 p.
Folder 234: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 28 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks consideration for a Mr. Green; woman offering too expensive. 1 p.
Folder 235: Green, William. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; [Charleston?, S.C.], 28 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Orders woman Delia delivered to H.D. Green.
Folder 236: Barber, F.C. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Augusta, Ga., 28 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Trouble over house lots; is imposed on by Donnell. 1 p.
Folder 237: Sumter, F. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 26 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about woman Clarissa. 1 p.
Folder 238: McElveen, A.J. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumterville, S.C., 26 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks Green's woman sent to Sumterville; chance to buy at $900, now in jail. 1 p.
Folder 239: Sanchez, Venancio. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; St. Augustine, Fla., 11 December 1854Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Boy John unacceptable; in bad health.  In hand of G.E. Slambias. 2 p.
Folder 240: Sanchez, Venancio. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; St. Augustine, Fla., 10 February 1855Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Boy John unsatisfactory; want to buy good sound boy.  In hand of Alonzo A. Brown. 2 p.

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[Box 27],
[Box 28],
[Box 29],
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