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Ziba B. Oakes Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

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Ziba B. Oakes Papers, 1852-1857 | Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

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Collection Overview

Title: Ziba B. Oakes Papers, 1852-1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Collection Identifier: MS Am. 322

Primary Creator: Oakes, Ziba B., 1806-1871

Extent: 652.0 Items

Arrangement: Original order of the correspondence has been maintained.

Subjects: McElveen, A. J., d. 1874 -- Correspondence., Oakes, Ziba B., 1806-1871 -- Correspondence., Slave trade -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- History -- 19th Century., Slave traders -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- Correspondence.

Languages: English

Abstract

The 652 letters in this collection document the business of Ziba B. Oakes, a slave broker, who lived in Charleston, South Carolina. The letters were written by business associates and cover all aspects of the slave trade business including pricing, selling instructions, and resolving problems with runaways. Oakes’s real estate business and other financial matters are also documented.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The 652 letters in this collection document the business dealings of Ziba B. Oakes, a slave broker, who lived in Charleston, South Carolina. The letters were written by several business associates and cover all aspects of the slave trade such as pricing, selling instructions, and resolving problems with runaways. Oakes’s real estate business and other financial matters are also documented. There is no correspondence from Oakes.

The majority of the letters in the collection are from brokers, agents, and clients from different parts of South Carolina and other southern states with whom Ziba Oakes did business. For example, there are fifty-eight letters written to Oakes by William Wright from Savannah, Georgia; thirteen letters by Burch Kirkland and Company, from Montgomery, Alabama; and twenty-three letters by Thomas Limehouse, from Goulding, South Carolina. In addition, there are letters from traders from Richmond, Virginia and New Orleans, Louisiana. These contain specific details about slaves bought and sold, and give market prices for each city.

Of the approximately 480 letters written by slave traders, 135 were written by A. J. McElveen, whose job it was to travel throughout South Carolina’s Sumpter District and purchase slaves for Oakes. The letters include details about the number of slaves that were purchased on each trip, their gender and physical descriptions, and where on the plantation they should work. Other matters include the problems he had with selling certain slaves and his dealings with other traders. McElveen’s letters also provide insight into the relationship he had with Oakes.

Additional letters document Oakes’s real estate and other business ventures such as the buying and selling of plantations and railroad stock.

Subject/Index Terms

McElveen, A. J., d. 1874 -- Correspondence.
Oakes, Ziba B., 1806-1871 -- Correspondence.
Slave trade -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- History -- 19th Century.
Slave traders -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- Correspondence.

Administrative Information

Repository: Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Thank you for your interest in the Boston Public Library’s collections.

In most cases, the Boston Public Library does not hold the copyright to the items in our collections. In addition, we do not assert any additional restrictions on copies of items beyond those that might exist in the original.

As such, we cannot grant or deny permission to use copies of items held in our collections.

It is the sole responsibility of the user to make his or her own determination about what types of usage might be permissible under U.S. and international copyright law. Provision of a copy from the Boston Public Library should not be construed as explicit permission to use it for any particular reason.

Attribution

If you are using a credit line, please use “Boston Public Library” with the collection or call number, if available.

Acquisition Method: The Ziba Oakes papers were found in a slave pen in Charleston, South Carolina, on February 20, 1865 by James Redpath. In April 1865, Redpath presented them to William Lloyd Garrison. The collection was donated to the Boston Public Library on November 11, 1891 by Francis Jackson Garrison.

Related Materials: Slave Trade Letters, 1839. MS fAM 1034

Related Publications: Drago, Edmund L. ed. Broke by the War: Letters of a Slave Trader. University of South Carolina Press. 1991.

Preferred Citation: Ziba B. Oakes Papers. MS Am. 322. Rare Books and Manuscripts Department, Boston Public Library. Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books.

Processing Information: Finding aid written by Rare Books and Manuscripts staff.

Finding Aid Revision History: Updated by Kimberly Reynolds, April 2011.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 27],
[Box 28],
[Box 29],
[Box 30],
[Box 31],
[Box 32],
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[Box 35],
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[All]

Box 35Add to your cart.
Folder 481: Hufman, Lewis. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; [n.p.], 19 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Requests money for old woman. 2p.
Folder 482: McElveen, A.J.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumter Court House, S.C., 21 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Regrets difficulty over bonds; will come to Charleston. 1p.
Folder 483: Wylly & Collins. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 20 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Have cashed draft; Charleston prices better than Savannah's. 1p.
Folder 484: Mattlingly, John. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 16 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Seeks recovery of runaway; wife is a frree mulatto in Charleston. 2p.
Folder 485: Smith, Jeremiah. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Richmond, Va., 3 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Wants $1250 for Negro; trade high in Richmond. 1p.
Folder 486: Montmollin, John S.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 3 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Orders 4 young field hands. 1p.
Folder 487: Addison, T.  Ms.L.S. (T. & G.A. Addison) to Ziba B. Oakes; Blackville, S.C., 12 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends woman and child; Sheperd & McCreey to receive part proceeds. 1p.
Folder 488: Wylly & Collins. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 14 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Unable to buy Mulesides Jack; could use 8 to 10 young men.  1p.
Folder 489: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 14 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Offers George, bearer of note, for sale, though perhaps unsound; N.A. Hardee & Co. will provide title.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1p.
Folder 490: Gibbes, E.A.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Andalusia Plantation, Ga., 15 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Cohen has seen Negroes; asks Oakes to attend appraisement. 2p.
Folder 491: Addison, T.  Ms.L.S. (T. & G.A. Addison) to Ziba B. Oakes; [n.p.], 12 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On same subject as no. 487. 1p.
Folder 492: Mattingly, John. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Augusta, Ga., 15 February 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On runaway; cf. 484. 2p.
Folder 493: Smith, Jeremiah. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Richmond, Va., 17 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Acknowledges check; requests recovery of runaway. 1p.
Folder 494: Filor, James. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Key West, Fla., 7 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Feels cheated over unsound Negro; suggests compensation. 1p.
Folder 495: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 21 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Refers him to N.A. Hardee & Co. about George.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1p.
Folder 496: Jones, T.H.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Charlotte, N.C., 21 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Expects to make purchases in North Carolina and Virginia mountains; asks about prices in Charleston. 2p.
Folder 497: Smith, John B.  A.L.S to Ziba B. Oakes; New Orleans, La., 21 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Has received negroes expect Andrew; requests recovery of latter, a runaway. 1p.
Folder 498: McElveen, A.J.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumter Court House, S.C., 6 February 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Has bought 3 Negroes being sent for resale. 2p.
Folder 499: McElveen, A.J.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Florence, S.C. [?], 7 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Has bought 2 Negroes; must raise money or be ruined. 1p.
Folder 500: Owings, R.M.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hamburg, 10 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends check in part payment for girl Margaret. 1p.
Folder 501: Burch, Kirckland & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 5 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Bill will be paid if he cancels damages. 1p.
Folder 502: Burch, Kirkland & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 5 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On protested bill. 1p.
Folder 503: Dale, W.I.  A.L.S to Ziba B. Oakes; Columbia, S.C., 8 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On payment to B.F. Stone. 2p.
Folder 504: Owings, R.M. & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hamburg, 10 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Had received Margaret; will send Negroes when over measles. 1p.
Folder 505: McElveen, A.J.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumter Court House, S.C., 5 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Prices allow no profit; will attend sale at Darlington court House. 1p.
Folder 506: Dell, Philip A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Newnanville, Fla., 11 January 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Cannot sign bill of sale. 1p.
Folder 507: Owings, R.M. & Co.  Ms.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hamburg, 3 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends check. 1p.
Folder 508: Brock, Josiah. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Palatka, Fla., 1 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Unsatisfactory dealing with Greenville.  In hand of Macdonald. 1p.
Folder 509: Savage, George A.  Ms.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Bluffton, S.C., 3 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Authorizes recovery and sale of runaway Solomon. 1p.
Folder 510: Burch, Kirkland & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 23 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On protested bill; forwarding William. 1p.
Folder 511: Columbia, S.C. Commercial Bank. Ms.N.S. (Edwin I. Stone) to Ziba B. Oakes; Columbia, S.C., 24 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Statement of account. 1p.
Folder 512: McElveen, A.J.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumter Court House, S.C., 9 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends 3 Negroes for sale; requests letter for Darlington Court House sale. 2p.
Folder 513: Montmollin, John S.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 31 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Telegraphed for 4 field hands; could use 50. 1p.
Folder 514: Gibbes, E.A.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Rosemont, near Adams Run, S.C., 29 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Miss Elliott wishes Nelson sold at $800; propects of selling Andalusia Plantation poor. 1p.
Folder 515: Filor, James. A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Key West, Fla., 22 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about Caroline, whom he regrets purchasing. 1p.
Folder 516: Smith, Jeremiah. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Richmond, Va., 30 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Price in Richmond; asks Oakes to handcuff his Negroes. 1p.
Folder 517: Stall, J.R.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Summerville, S.C., 31 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Will purchase girl. 1p.
Folder 518: Brown, George L.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Newnanville, Fla., 17 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Will visit Charleston to buy 2 girls; asks prices. 1p.
Folder 519: Pickard & Cox. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 7 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Want 10 or 12 Negroes; ask terms of payment. 1p.
Folder 520: Burch, Kirkland & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 17 January 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Can get $800 from Saunder's estate if authorized. 1p.
Folder 521: Owings, R.W. & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hamburg, 8 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Send payment and bill of sale; will take girl Sarah when over her measles. 1p.
Folder 522: Relyea, C.I.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Charleston, S.C., 10 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Cannot see him; asks him to advise wife on servants. 2p.
Folder 523: Whiting & Russell. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Boston, Mass., 23 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On leases of property owned by Mrs. Jennings in Boston. 3p.
Folder 524: Cassidy, Francis. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hickory Hill, Va. [?], 1 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Has bought property larger than Johnson's, less near the market. 1p.
Folder 525: Burch, Kirkland & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., 14 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
William healthy but not sold; asks about check paid for Clarisy. 1p.
Folder 526: Wilson, A.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Augusta, Ga., 8 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends check for due bill; will pay $1200 for Flora. 1p.
Folder 527: Wright, William. Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Savannah, Ga., 3 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Girl offered of not interest.  In hand of Wm C. Dawson. 1p.
Folder 528: Bamberg, W.S.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Bamberg, S.C., 2 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Requests renewal of note. 1p.
Folder 529: Murrell, James H.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; [Charleston, S.C.], 3 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks opinoin on prosed rental of hall for dancing academy by A. Berger. 1p.
Folder 530: McElveen, A.J.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Sumter Court House, S.C., 2 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On news from Montgomery; other difficulties. 2p.
Folder 531: Kinard, H.H.  A.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Newberry, S.C., 6 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
On delivery of Negroes purchased. 2p.
Folder 532: Brodnard, F.V.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Augusta, Ga., 13 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks value of mulatto girl. 1p.
Folder 533: Burch, Kirkland, & Co.  Ms.D.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Montgomery, Ala., [December? 1856?]Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Bill for expenses incurred over runaway slaves, etc. Possible date 24 Jan 1857. 1p.
Folder 534: Omitted in numbering.Add to your cart.
Omitted in numbering
Folder 535: Walker, A. Pinckney. A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; [Charleston, S.C.], 23 January [1857]Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Requests settlement of Jacob Brock's affairs. 2p.
Folder 536: Owings, R.M. & Co.  Ms.L.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Hamburg, 24 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends payment for Tim, sold Josiah Schley; wants other Negroes. 1p.
Folder 537: Stall, John R.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Summerville, S.C., 29 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Requests renewal of Eli Cohen's note. 1p.
Folder 538: Barber, F.C.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Augusta, Ga., 20 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks about house servants. 1p.
Folder 539: Nettleton, C.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Centreville, La., 22 December 1856Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Asks values of field hands. 1p.
Folder 540: DeLéaumont, H.  A.N.S. to Ziba B. Oakes; Charleston, S.C., 10 April 1857Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Sends Tim for sale, preferring this to chastizing him for running away. 1p.

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[Box 28],
[Box 29],
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[All]


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