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Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) Correspondence

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Box 1

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Elisha Bliss. Buffalo, N.Y.

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Andrew Chatto. [N.p.]

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Elmira, N.Y.

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt.  Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910.  A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Elmira, N.Y.

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Joesphine Gerhardt. By the Seaside.

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Karl Gerhardt. Philadelphia

Clemens, Olivia Langdon, 1845-1904. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. [Hartford?]

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to George Lathrop. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Mr. Lutz. Wein

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to [Mr. Lutz]. Wein

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to [Mr. Lutz). Rosendala, Sweden

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to "Old Man". Elmira, N.Y.

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to "Old Man". Redding, Conn.

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Charles Stoddard. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Charles Stoddard. Hartford

Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to unknown. Incomplete.

Deed: Paige Typsetting Machine

Receipt: Lodge no. 315, K of H.

Engravings: Clemens, Samuel

Envelopes addressed to Karl Geberhardt



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Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) Correspondence, 1875-1895 | Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

By Heather Mumford, October 2011

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Collection Overview

Title: Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) Correspondence, 1875-1895Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates: 1881-1889

Collection Identifier: MS Acc 532

Primary Creator: Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910

Extent: 35.0 Items. More info below.

Arrangement: Arranged alphabetically.

Subjects: Bliss, Elisha, 1822-1880., Chatto, Andrew, 1841-1913., Clemens, Olivia Langdon, 1845-1904., Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910., Gerhardt, Karl, 1853-1940., Lathrop, George Parsons, 1851-1898., Sculptors -- United States., Sculpture, American -- 19th century., Stoddard, Charles Warren, 1843-1909., Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 -- Correspondence., Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 -- Knowledge -- Commerce.

Languages: English

Abstract

The majority of the letters in this collection document the relationship between the American novelist Samuel Clemens (1835-1910) and the sculptor Kurt Gerhardt (1875-1910). Clemens financed Kurt Gerhardt’s education at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and in 1885, helped he helped Gerhardt secure a commission from Ulysses S. Grant. In letters to others, Clemens discusses his health, travel plans, business matters such as lectures and finances, and an altercation involving an unauthorized biographical publication.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection contains twenty-two letters written by Samuel Clemens between 1870 and 1910. The majority of the letters are addressed to Karl Gerhardt and document their personal and business relationship. Topics include the yearly expenses of Gerhardt's education, the Ulysses Grant bust, and the Paige Typesetting Machine. In addition to business matters, Clemens also wrote to inform Gerhardt on the whereabouts and general well-being of their mutual friends, including Augustus St. Gaudens, John Quincy Adams Ward, and Charles Dudley Warner.

Also documented is Clemens’s publications, such as Mark Twain’s Annual 1871, book illustrations, family travel plans, and lecture tours. Other subjects include an unauthorized biography titled “Mark Twain's Lebensgeschichte” that Clemens came across while living at the Hotel Krantz in Vienna, as well as Professor Rudolf Virchow's plasmon powder- a proprietary powdered milk which Clemens highly recommended to his publisher, Andrew Chatto, as a cure for indigestion. In a letter dated February 1, 1987 to Charles Warren Stoddard, Clemens remarked on a contribution of “a school-boy’s compositions upon natural history” for The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn made by writer Ambrose Bierce.

Collection Historical Note

Chronology:

1835 - Samuel Clemens born in Florida, Missouri.

1845 - Olivia (Langdon) Clemens born in Elmira, New York.

1853 - Karl Gerhardt born in Boston, Massachusetts.

1863 - Harriet Josephine (Gloyd) Gerhardt born in Dalton, Massachusetts.

1870 - Clemens and Olivia Langdon marry.

1872 - Clemens family moves to Hartford, Connecticut.

1876 - The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is published.

1880 - Clemens begins investment in Paige typesetter.

1881 - Clemens finances sculptor Karl Gerhardt’s education at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

1884 - Gerhardt returns to America to find work. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published.

1885 - Clemens and Gerhardt visit Ulysses S. Grant and present him with bust.

1891 - Clemens family moves to Europe.

1894 - Clemens embarks on world-wide lecture tour to recover from debt.

1897 - Harriet Josephine Gerhardt passes away in Bloomfield, Connecticut.

1898 - Clemens finishes paying off creditors. Clemens family moves to Vienna.

1900 - Clemens family returns to America.

1904 - Olivia Clemens passes away. Samuel Clemens moves to New York City.

1908 - Clemens moves to Redding, Connecticut.

1910 - Samuel Clemens passes away in Redding, Connecticut.

1940:  Karl Gerhardt passes away in Shreveport, Louisiana.

Subject/Index Terms

Bliss, Elisha, 1822-1880.
Chatto, Andrew, 1841-1913.
Clemens, Olivia Langdon, 1845-1904.
Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910.
Gerhardt, Karl, 1853-1940.
Lathrop, George Parsons, 1851-1898.
Sculptors -- United States.
Sculpture, American -- 19th century.
Stoddard, Charles Warren, 1843-1909.
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 -- Correspondence.
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 -- Knowledge -- Commerce.

Administrative Information

Repository: Boston Public Library Archival and Manuscript Finding Aid Database

Alternate Extent Statement: 26 folders

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Items in this collection may be subject to copyright restrictions. The Boston Public Library does not hold copyright on the material in this collection. Researchers are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright.

When reproducing material from this collection please include the credit line "Courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books."

Acquisition Method: This collection was purchased through the Josiah H. Benton Fund, April 1939.

Related Materials:

A.L.S.to [?], 1874. MS E.9.4 C9

2 A.L.S. to Sylvester Baxter, 28 May and 18 July 1887.  Whitman Mss. 2 (11), (32)

A.L.S. Kate Field, 22 February 1886. MS KF.101

A.L.S. to Kate Field,  [1873].  MS KF Vol. 1 No. 100

4 A. L.S. to Mary E. Phillips , 1901, 1904. MS Am. 1200 (a-d)

A.L.S. to James Redpath, [1872]. A.1770.12

Preferred Citation: Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) Correspondence. MS Acc 532. Rare Books and Manuscripts Department, Boston Public Library.

Processing Information: Finding aid prepared by Heather Mumford, March 2010.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Folder 1: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Elisha Bliss. Buffalo, N.Y., 13 October [1870]],
[Folder 2: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Andrew Chatto. [N.p.], n.d.],
[Folder 3: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Elmira, N.Y., 2 July n.y.],
[Folder 4: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt.  Hartford, 9 May 1881],
[Folder 5: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910.  A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Elmira, N.Y., 26 June 1881[?]],
[Folder 6: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Joesphine Gerhardt. By the Seaside., 31 July 1881],
[Folder 7: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Hartford, 9 October 1881],
[Folder 8: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Hartford, 7 November 1881],
[Folder 9: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt Hartford, 30 September 1882],
[Folder 10: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Karl Gerhardt. Philadelphia, 10 April 1885],
[Folder 11: Clemens, Olivia Langdon, 1845-1904. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. Hartford, 22 February 1886],
[Folder 12: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. [Hartford?], 15 July 1886],
[Folder 13: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. Hartford, 16 October 1889],
[Folder 14: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to George Lathrop. Hartford, 14 April 1884],
[Folder 15: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Mr. Lutz. Wein, 27 February 1899],
[Folder 16: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to [Mr. Lutz]. Wein, 3 April 1899],
[Folder 17: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to [Mr. Lutz). Rosendala, Sweden, 14 July 1899],
[Folder 18: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to "Old Man". Elmira, N.Y., 6 July 1895],
[Folder 19: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to "Old Man". Redding, Conn., 22 February 1910],
[Folder 20: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Charles Stoddard. Hartford, 20 March n.y.],
[Folder 21: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Charles Stoddard. Hartford, 1 February 1875],
[Folder 22: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to unknown. Incomplete.],
[Folder 23: Deed: Paige Typsetting Machine, 1889, 1891],
[Folder 24: Receipt: Lodge no. 315, K of H., n.d.],
[Folder 25: Engravings: Clemens, Samuel, n.d.],
[Folder 26: Envelopes addressed to Karl Geberhardt, n.d., 1881-1882, 1885],
[All]

Folder 23: Deed: Paige Typsetting Machine, 1889, 1891Add to your cart.
Deed transferring to Gerhardt 1/500th of Clemens's interest in royalities. Rider dated 13 May 1891 providing payment to Gerhardt included.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Folder 1: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Elisha Bliss. Buffalo, N.Y., 13 October [1870]],
[Folder 2: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Andrew Chatto. [N.p.], n.d.],
[Folder 3: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Elmira, N.Y., 2 July n.y.],
[Folder 4: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt.  Hartford, 9 May 1881],
[Folder 5: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910.  A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Elmira, N.Y., 26 June 1881[?]],
[Folder 6: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Joesphine Gerhardt. By the Seaside., 31 July 1881],
[Folder 7: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Hartford, 9 October 1881],
[Folder 8: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl and Josephine Gerhardt. Hartford, 7 November 1881],
[Folder 9: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt Hartford, 30 September 1882],
[Folder 10: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to Karl Gerhardt. Philadelphia, 10 April 1885],
[Folder 11: Clemens, Olivia Langdon, 1845-1904. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. Hartford, 22 February 1886],
[Folder 12: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. [Hartford?], 15 July 1886],
[Folder 13: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Karl Gerhardt. Hartford, 16 October 1889],
[Folder 14: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to George Lathrop. Hartford, 14 April 1884],
[Folder 15: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Mr. Lutz. Wein, 27 February 1899],
[Folder 16: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to [Mr. Lutz]. Wein, 3 April 1899],
[Folder 17: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to [Mr. Lutz). Rosendala, Sweden, 14 July 1899],
[Folder 18: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to "Old Man". Elmira, N.Y., 6 July 1895],
[Folder 19: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S.  to "Old Man". Redding, Conn., 22 February 1910],
[Folder 20: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Charles Stoddard. Hartford, 20 March n.y.],
[Folder 21: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to Charles Stoddard. Hartford, 1 February 1875],
[Folder 22: Clemens, Samuel, 1836-1910. A.L.S. to unknown. Incomplete.],
[Folder 23: Deed: Paige Typsetting Machine, 1889, 1891],
[Folder 24: Receipt: Lodge no. 315, K of H., n.d.],
[Folder 25: Engravings: Clemens, Samuel, n.d.],
[Folder 26: Envelopes addressed to Karl Geberhardt, n.d., 1881-1882, 1885],
[All]


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